Mining of Mineral Deposits

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Determining the regional tectonic stress field by remote sensing in the Bou Azzer inlier, Central Anti-Atlas, Morocco

Anas Driouch1, Latifa Ouadif1, Khalid Benjmel2 , Mohamed Bhilisse3, Said Ilmen4

1Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco

2Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco

3Aya Gold & Silver Company, Casablanca, Morocco

4Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco

Min. miner. depos. 2022, 16(2):49-54

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      Purpose. This paper deals with the determination of the regional stress field direction of the Bou Azzer inlier using the remote sensing tool.

      Methods. CIn this study, we use an approach to digital mapping by remote sensing, including the steps of pre-processing and processing of Landsat-8 OLI images. Then, an automatic extraction of lineaments based on directional filtering has been performed. To determine the main directions of major mean fractures, these results have been supplemented and confirmed by an integrated model, including a synthesis of bibliographic works and field studies.

      Findings. The directional rosette analysis results show four systems of major directions namely, N0°, N45°, N90° and N135°. The regional stress field in the study area, according to tectonic history, is characterized by a horizontal compression tectonic regime, as indicated by several systems of strike-slip faults with a high tendency to deformation. Thus, the abundance of brittle and ductile microtectonic indicators confirms the direction of the main compressive stress N°30. The direction of the three-dimensional stress field: σ1: N°30, σ2: N°120, σ3: Vertical component.

      Originality. The present study allows to determine the regional stress field direction of the Bou Azzer inlier, in particular, in areas affected by complex tectonics of various scales, as well as in hard-to-reach areas.

      Practical implications. In mining practice, the study of stability using 2D and 3D geotechnical numerical modeling of underground mine workings is essential. The stress field direction is an important input parameter to develop more realistic decision support models, as well as to ensure the safety of people and materials at the Bou Azzer mine.

      Keywords: Bou Azzer, remote sensing, fractures, engineering geology, stress field, modeling


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