Mining of Mineral Deposits

ISSN 2415-3443 (Online)

ISSN 2415-3435 (Print)

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Interaction of rock-bolt supports while weak rock reinforcing by means of injection rock bolts

Oleksandr Krukovskyi1, Viktoriia Krukovska1, Serhii Skipochka1

1Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, 49005, Ukraine

Min. miner. depos. 2021, 15(4):8-14

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      Purpose is to analyze changes in shape and dimensions of a rock mass area, fortified with the help of a polymer, depending upon the density of injection rock bolts as well as the value of initial permeability of enclosing rocks to substantiate optimum process solutions to support roofs within the unstable rocks and protect mine workings against water inflow and gas emission.

      Methods. Numerical modeling method for coupled processes of rock mass strain and filtration of liquid components of a polymer has been applied. The model is based upon fundamental ideas of mechanics of solids and filtration theory. The problem has been solved using a finite element method. Its solution took into consideration both the initial permeability and the permeability stipulated by mine working driving, injection time of reagents and their polymerization, and effect of po-lymer foaming in the process of mixing of its components. Changes in physicomechanical and filtration characteristics of rock mass during polymer hardening were simulated. It has been taken into consideration that a metal delivery pipe starts operating as a reinforcing support element only after the polymer hardening.

      Findings. If three and five injection rock bolts are installed within a mine working section then stresses, permeability coefficients, pressure of liquid polymeric composition, and geometry of the fortified area of rock mass have been calculated. It has been shown that rock bolt location is quite important to form a rock-bolt arch. It has been demonstrated for the assumed conditions that if five injection rock bolts are installed within the mine working roof then close interaction between rock-bolt supports takes place; moreover, the integral arch is formed within the mine working roof.

      Originality. Dependence of change in the polymer reinforced area upon a value of initial permeability of enclosing rocks has been derived. It has been shown that in terms of low values of initial permeability, geometry of rock-bolt supports as well as its size is identified only by means of a value of the unloaded zone around the mine working. In this context, initial permeabi-lity increase results in the enlarged diameter of the reinforced rock mass area in the neighbourhood of the injection rock bolt.

      Practical implications. The findings are recommended to be applied while improving a method to support the mine working roof and decrease water inflow as well as gas emission from the rocks, being undermined, into the working.

      Keywords: support, mine working, rock bolt, geomechanical parameters, filtration parameters, modeling


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