Mining of Mineral Deposits

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ISSN 2415-3435 (Print)

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Early assessment of seismic hazard in terms of Voronezh massif-Moscow Depression contact

Igor Movchan1, Alexandra Yakovleva1, Alexander Movchan2, Zilya Shaygallyamova1

1Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

2University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3BX, United Kingdom

Min. miner. depos. 2021, 15(3):62-70

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      Purpose is to develop a system approach for early assessment of areas being of high seismic hazard and characterizing by low stability of rock mass relative to external loads.

      Methods. Well cores have been assessed down to 30 depth and seismic observations have been accumulated. Complexes of field geophysics methods have been applied for the research as well as remote sensing materials, digital model of surface relief, and techniques of qualitative and quantitative interpretation.

      Findings. Seismic hazard map has been formed in terms of seismic intensification and ground displacement units. The abovementioned is quite reliable but a cost-based result involving early assessments of high seismic hazard areas to infill network of geophysical measurements in the neighbourhood of the areas for their further quantitative characterization. It has been identified that rare well network and definite geophysical lines, run under conditions of a complex terrain, cannot localize the areas of high seismic hazard to focus builders on the enforcement of certain components of the erected structures. It has been defined that end result of the prognostic developments takes a shape of mapping of local areas with the decreased stability of upper share of the geological section supported by further measurements by means of a common depth point method (CDP). Comparison of potential secondary earthquake sources with high permeability zones makes it possible to predict highly reliable areas of the increased seismic magnitude.

      Originality.For the first time, interpretation techniques have been adapted to describe parametrically nonpotential geofields (i.e. optical density of remote basis; and relative elevation), accepted during the steps of potential field processing, with the use of wave analogies.

      Practical implications.The methods have been developed helping optimize field geological and geophysical operations in terms of area and well number as well as measuring stakes under the conditions of the limited prior data amount.

      Keywords:jointing, seismic zoning, terrain, karst, digital model, interpretation


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