Mining of Mineral Deposits

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ISSN 2415-3435 (Print)

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Modelling the influence of gaseous products of explosive detonation on the processes of crack treatment while rock blasting

Viktoriia Kulynych1, Valerii Chebenko1, Ruslan Puzyr2, Iryna Pieieva1

1Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University, Kremenchuk, 39600, Ukraine

2Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University College, Kremenchuk, 39621, Ukraine

Min. miner. depos. 2021, 15(3):102-107

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      Purpose is mathematical modeling of fracturing as well as influence of gaseous products of explosive detonation on the changes in rock strength.

      Methods. Mathematical model, using foundations of Griffith theory, has been developed. To explain conditions of bridge formation while exploding lead azide charges, a two-stage description of solid particle condensation at a crack surface and inside it has been applied using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics. The analysis, involved electronic microscope, has helped verified the results experimentally.

      Findings. The effect of rock mass disturbance, resulting from explosive destruction, is manifested maximally right after the action. Subsequently, it decreases owing to the gradual relaxation of the formed defects. Therefore, an urgent problem is to develop ways slowing down strength restore of the blasted rock mass fragments. The process of rock fragment strength restoring may be prevented by microparticles getting into the microcrack cavities together with the detonation products. The research simulates their action. The data correlate to the simulation results confirming potential influence of the blasted rock on the dynamics of changes in the strength characteristics of the rock mass. Various compositions of charges with shells made of inert solid additions have been applied which solid particles can avoid the process of microcrack closure.

      Originality. For the first time, the possibility of deposition formation within rock micro- and macrocracks has been proposed and supported mathematically.

      Practical implications. Strength properties of the finished product and the energy consumption during impulse loading as well as subsequent mechanical processing of nonmetallic building materials depend on the strength properties of rock mass fragments. Hence, the ability to control the strength restore has a great practical value. Moreover, it can be implemented during the blasting operations.

      Keywords: deposits, disturbance, labradorite, lead azide, dust, sublimation, smoothed particle hydrodynamics method, microcracks, macrocracks, Griffith theory


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