Mining of Mineral Deposits

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Overview of technologies for constructing the facilities at the Dniester pumped storage power station

A. Radkevych1, V. Petrenko1, O. Tiutkin1, Yu. Horbatiuk1, V. Parinov2

1Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, Dnipro, Ukraine

2PJSC “Kyivmetrobud”, Kyiv, Ukraine

Min. miner. depos. 2019, 13(3):31-39

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      Purpose. Perform an overview of the construction technologies and substantiate the effectiveness of the Ukrainian experience in building a pumped storage power station (PSPS) on the Dniester River in difficult engineering-geological conditions with the construction of large underground structures, including mine shafts and hydraulic engineering tunnels.

      Methods. In the work, the main technological methods have been studied and analysed of hydraulic engineering construction of complex large underground structures in the rocks with medium hardness according to M.M. Protodiakonov scale using a special method of a well lowering and a combined method of drilling and blasting operations during mine workings drivage, which is based on the slow and short-delay blasting. The anchors calculation, when driving the water sup-ply conduits, has been made from the condition of suspending the block of disturbed rock, the thickness of which was taken equal to the roof arch height according to M.M. Protodiakonov. The parameters of the sprayed plaster base concrete have also been calculated according to V.M. Mostkov theory.

      Findings. The analysis of the current state of research, theoretical positions and world practice of construction of PSPS has been made, which testifies the high potential of this type of energy facilities. The efficiency of the underground hydraulic engineering construction of the Dniester Station has been substantiated. The results are presented of a complex application of mining and construction methods, as well as processing equipment for the construction of horizontal and tailrace conduits, drainage adits and vertical mines for hydraulic units in difficult engineering and geological conditions. As a result of performed analytical studies, the combined method of constructing the anchor support of sprayed plaster base concrete, when driving the water supply conduits, which is the most rational for engineering and geological conditions of increased complexity, has been substantiated.

      Originality.The efficiency of the lowering well method in a thixotropic jacket when constructing in the soft soils has been deter-mined under the conditions of building a PSPS on the Dniester River. The step-by-step combined method of constructing the anchor support of sprayed plaster base concrete, when driving the water supply conduits has been substantiated.

      Practical implications. The most rational ways of conducting a range of mining-construction works have been substantiated and implemented, allowing to construct a complex pumped storage facility with a capacity of over 2.0 million kilowatts, ensuring a significant increase in the power supply capacity of the West Ukraine region.

      Keywords: pumped storage power station, drainage adit, approach adit, mines for hydraulic units, water intake, pressure water conduit, upper step of water conduit, lower step of water conduit


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