Innovative Aspects of Underground Coal Gasification Technology in Mine Conditions
V. Falshtynskyi1, P. Saik1, V. Lozynskyi1, R. Dychkovskyi1, M. Petlovanyi1
1Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine
Min. miner. depos. 2018, 12(2):68-75
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Purpose.Development of innovative approaches in technological and technical solutions improvement for coal seam gasification.
Methods. Carrying-out of native and world experience in the coal reserves development by underground gasification technology analysis, analytical studies on the heat and mass balance gasification process parameters determining and determination of the rock massif stress-deformed state around the gas gasifiers, and its technical and economic indicators operation.
Findings. The analytical calculations of the rocks stress-deformed state for the Western Donbas mines conditions have revealed that the maximum length of the gasification pillar should not be more than 580 m. The innovative technological schemes of gas gasifiers sites preparation work are proposed in two constructions: with roses and drill injected blast activators. The energy indicators of the gas gasifiers work, the period of release into the gasification mode during reverse operations and fuel gases discharge during different combustion face advance and the injected blast composition are determined. Introduction of gas gasifiers’ constructions with drill injected blast activators are recommended for the numerous advantages.
Originality. The dependence of the gasification pillar length change on the technical and economic parameters of the gasification station operation was established; the dependence of the gasification operation on the gasification mode and exhaust gases discharge, depending on the injected blast composition and the rate of the combustion face advance.
Practical implications. The rational parameters of bed preparation at mine gasification, as well as energy and technological parameters of this process are substantiated. New technological schemes for coal reserves working out with gasification have been developed, which will allow additionally to use non-commercial and abandoned mine reserves and extend the mining enterprises duration.
Keywords: underground coal gasification, combustion face, gasifier, exhaust gases, heat and mass balance
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