Mining of Mineral Deposits

ISSN 2415-3443 (Online)

ISSN 2415-3435 (Print)

Flag Counter

Simulation of the support-enclosing rock mass interaction for deep mining

V. Kyrychenko1, S. Stovpnyk2

1LLC “West Donbas Research and Production Center “Geomechanics”, Pavlohrad, Ukraine

2National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kyiv, Ukraine

Min. miner. depos. 2018, 12(1):19-27

Full text (PDF)


      Purpose. To develop analytical model for a support-enclosing rock interaction to determine parameters for operational stability of deep mine workings while decreasing metal consumption and increasing efficient use of resources.

      Methods. Involving various strength degradation functions and variations of physical and mechanical properties of rocks, mathematical modeling is used to consider the ranges of force action of a support on the enclosing rock mass of deep mine workings.

      Findings. Analytical dependence of a support effect on the rock border displacement as well as on the changes in cross section of the mine working has been obtained. Effective interval of the support force resistance to block limit zones of the rock mass deformations has been substantiated. Innovative approach relying on the priority of the support working capacity as well as its forming characteristics has been proposed. The results of the studies help regulate the use of available supports, and the development of new designs meeting the increased geomechanical requirements of deep mining.

      Originality. It has been determined for the first time that 150 – 250 kN/m2 interval of a support resistance is the most efficient and achievable; while mining deepening (more than 1000 m), a support resistance achieves 350 – 400 kN/m2. Higher values are not practical.

      Practical implications. The results of the studies help regulate the use of available supports, and the development of new designs meeting the increased geomechanical requirements of deep mining and to determine the required parameters of both force and deformational characteristics of supports making.

      Keywords: mathematical modeling, physical and mechanical properties, support of mine working, enclosing rock mass, resistance of a support


Baranowski, Z., & Lugovoi, P.Z. (2008). Stress-Strain State Near Mine Workings in Anisotropic Rock Masses Under the Action of Discontinuous Waves. International Applied Mechanics, 44(4), 406-412.

Brady, B.H., & Brown, E.T. (2013). Rock Mechanics: For Underground Mining. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.

Carranza-Torres, C., & Fairhurst, C. (2000). Application of the Convergence-Confinement Method of Tunnel Design to Rock Masses That Satisfy the Hoek-Brown Failure Criterion. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 15(2), 187-213.

Elmo, D., & Stead, D. (2010). An Integrated Numerical Mo-delling-Discrete Fracture Network Approach Applied to the Characterisation of Rock Mass Strength of Naturally Fractured Pillars. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 43(1), 3-19.

Gaidachuk, V.V., Koshel’, V.I., & Lugovoi, P.Z. (2011). Stress Distribution Around Mine Workings. International Applied Mechanics, 46(9), 981-986.

He, M.C., Xie, H.P., Peng, S.P., & Jiang, Y.D. (2005). Study on Rock Mechanics in Deep Mining Engineering. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 24(16), 2803-2813.

Hudson, J.A., & Harrison, J.P. (2000). Engineering Rock Mechanics: An Introduction to the Principles. New Yourk: Elsevier.

Jaeger, J.C., Cook, N.G., & Zimmerman, R. (2009). Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Jing, L. (2003). A Review of Techniques, Advances and OutStanding Issues in Numerical Modelling for Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 40(3), 283-353.

Kononenko, M., Petlovanyi, M., & Zubko, S. (2015). Formation the Stress Fields in Backfill Massif Around the Chamber with Mining Depth Increase. Mining of Mineral Deposits, 9(2), 207-215.

Stovpnyk, S.N., Borodai, S.V., & Kravets, V.G. (2011). The Stressed-Deformed State of the Underground Tunnel Processing of Shallow Watering in Water-Saturated Sands. In Proceedings of the Third Scientific and Technical Conference “Power engineering. Ecology. MAN” (pp. 112-114). Kyiv: NTUU KPI.

Stovpnyk, S.M., Han, A.L., Zahoruiko, E.A., & Shaidetska, L.V. (2017). Research of Hydraulic Impact on the Technological Stability of Shallow Metrotunnel in Dredging Massives. Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, 5(71), 141-148.

Stovpnyk, S.N., & Osypov, A.S. (2017). The Geomechanical Confirmation of Methods for Stabilization of Tectonic Mass Rocks for Period of Building the Tunnel of Biggest Dimensions. Visnyk Natsionalnoho Tekhnichnoho Universytetu “KPI”. Seria “Hirnyctvo”, (34), 17-27.

Wittke, W. (2014). Rock Mechanics Based on an Anisotropic Jointed Rock Model (AJRM).

Лицензия Creative Commons