Mining of Mineral Deposits

ISSN 2415-3443 (Online)

ISSN 2415-3435 (Print)

Flag Counter

Distant interaction of rock mass clusters around underground opening

V. Griniov1, L. Zakharova2, I. Diedich3, V. Nazymko1

1Institute for Physics of Mining Processes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine

2Geodesy Department, Donetsk National Technical University, Pokrovsk, Ukraine

3MA “Pokrovske”, Pokrovsk, Ukraine

Min. miner. depos. 2017, 11(2):79-83

Full text (PDF)


      Purpose.To experimentally prove the fact of distant interaction between rock clusters during the irreversible displacements of rock mass. Disintegration of the rock mass does not necessarily imply loss in underground working stability.

      Methods. Telltales were used to monitor rock mass around the underground development working in conditions of intensive rock pressure manifestation.

      Findings. . This experiment has demonstrated that the boundary of the rock mass failure expands asynchronously by spatially and temporally discrete increments. Such mechanism of the rock failure zone development is the consequence of the minimum entropy production principle according to which dissipative structures can occur in open thermodynamic systems.

      Originality. Distant interaction of rock clusters has been experimentally detected for the first time, which is important for geomechanics because it reveals the mechanism of the rock mass self-organization.

      Practical implications. The most efficient special technologies have been selected and quantitatively assessed for the control of rock mass state in conditions of severe rock pressure manifestation.

      Keywords: rock pressure, working stability, irreversible deformations, cluster, distant interaction


Haken, H. (1981) The Science of Structure: Synergetics. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Kang, H. (2014). Support Technologies for Deep and Complex Roadways in Underground Coal Mines: A Review. International Journal of Coal Science & Technology, 1(3), 261-277.

Khomenko, O., Kononenko, M., & Netecha, M. (2016). Industrial Research into Massif Zonal Fragmentation around Mine Workings. Mining of Mineral Deposits, 10(1), 50-56.

Kondepudi, D, & Prigogin, I. (2015) Modern Thermodynamics: from Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures. England: John Wiley & Song Ltd.

Meng, Q., Han, L., Sun, J., Min, F., Feng, W., & Zhou, X. (2015). Experimental Study on the Bolt-Cable Combined Supporting Technology for the Extraction Roadways in Weakly Cemented Strata. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 25(1), 113-119.

Nazimko, I.V., & Zakharova, L.M. (2010) Clustering of the Ground Movement using Photogrammetric Methods. In Surveying in Geotechnologies (pp. 46-52). Dnipropetrovsk: Natsionalnyi hirnychyi universytet.

Nazimko, V.V., Lapteev, A.A., & Sazhnev, V.P. (1997) Rock Mass Self-Supporting Effect Utilization for Enhancement Stability of a Tunnel. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 34 (3-4), 657-657.

Šňupárek, R., & Konečný, P. (2010). Stability of Roadways in Coalmines Alias Rock Mechanics in Practice. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 2(3), 281-288.

Stahlmann, J., Missal, C., Hahn, P., & Edel, T. (2014). Geotechnical Conditions at the Konrad Mine – Excavation of Drifts and Rooms in Squeezing Rock / Geotechnische Bedingungen in der Schachtanlage Konrad – Auffahrung von Strecken und Kammern in Druckhaftem Gebirge. Mining Report, 150(5), 277-288.

Yang, R., Li, Y., Guo, D., Yao, L., Yang, T., & Li, T. (2017). Failure Mechanism and Control Technology of Water-immersed Roadway in High-stress and Soft Rock in a Deep Mine. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 27(2), 245-252.

Xue, Y., Gao, F., Liu, X., & Liang, X. (2017). Permeability and Pressure Distribution Characteristics of the Roadway Surrounding Rock in the Damaged Zone of an Excavation. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 27(2), 211-219.

Лицензия Creative Commons